The Different Type of HVAC Systems and How They Work

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

HVAC–short for Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning–is a system that’s essential to all homes. The function of an HVAC system is to regulate the temperature within your home to be compatible with the change of seasons. Whether it’s for heating or cooling purposes, your home’s HVAC system is there to provide an indoor environment that exudes ultimate comfort and energy efficiency. Depending on the functionality of your home or office, there are four different HVAC systems to select from–ranging in size, function, and specifications. Of course, to find the right fit for your needs it’s best to consult with the professionals. Whether you need service or a new HVAC in Nashville, TN, we will be here to install, maintain and repair it for you. Contact your local HVAC professionals at Mid–State Air Conditioning, Heating & Plumbing today for all your HVAC / air conditioning and heating needs in Nashville and Franklin, TN. For now, let’s take a closer look at the types of HVAC systems and how they work.

The Four HVAC Systems and Their Functions

Whether you are moving into a newly built home, or need to replace your outdated HVAC system, knowing the different types of systems and their specific functions is very important in the selection process. With that, here are the four different HVAC systems you can choose from:

  • Split System (Heating and Air Conditioning): A split heating and air conditioning unit is one of the more popular options amongst homeowners. This HVAC system features indoor and outdoor units. On average, split system have the following:
    • A thermostat
    • An air conditioning unit (cools the refrigerant)
    • Ducts to transport the air and heat throughout the house/building
    • Air purifiers, humidifiers, UV lamps, etc.
    • Furnaces and fans

Split systems are ideal for those who have cold winters and hot summers.

  • Hybrid Heat Split System: This unique HVAC system is an elevated and advanced version of the standard split system. The Hybrid Heat Split System has more energy efficient and cost-effective features. This HVAC system typically has the following:
    • An adjustable interface
    • Ducts to transport air and heat
    • Additional accessories for better air quality
    • Furnaces and fans

With a hybrid system, a gas furnace is used for backup heating instead of electric heating. Relying on natural gas, the hybrid HVAC can heat one’s home up quickly and efficiently.

  • Packaged Heating and Air Conditioning: This type of HVAC system is mainly used in apartments and condos since they lack large amounts of space to house multiple units and split systems. They are even an excellent option for homes that don’t have basements. Installed outside, a packaged heating and air conditioning system contains a blower that will allow for treated and pure air to circulate throughout a home that typically draws in untreated air. Packaged HVAC systems include:
    • Thermostat
    • And air conditioner and heat pump
    • Air purifiers, ventilators, UV lamps, etc.
  • Duct-Free Split Heating and Air Conditioning: In a building or home that lacks air ducts, the duct-free split heating and air conditioning units are the best option. The following is included in a duct-free split HVAC system:
    •   A heat pump and air conditioner
    • Fan coil
    • A thermostat
    • Accessories for cleaner air
    • Connectors for an outdoor unit

Depending on the type of residence you live in or building you work in, you have the option to choose from these four types of HVAC systems to better heat/cool the area.

 

 

 

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